The Causes, Test, Diagnosis and Treatment for Dengue Fever
Mosquitoes are carriers of many different types of diseases. One type is the Dengue fever, which is found in places that are either tropical or subtropical around the world.
The fever can be mild or severe and cause bleeding which can be severe; it can also
cause an individual’s blood pressure to drop resulting in the possibility of shock and
There are cases numbering in the millions every year and can be found mainly in Southeast Asia or the western Pacific islands. However, the disease has been increasing fast areas of the Caribbean and Latin American countries.
If an individual has a mild case of dengue fever, they may not have any symptoms of this type of fever. However, the symptoms generally occur within four to ten days if a mosquito that is carrying, the disease has bitten an individual.
The Symptoms of Dengue fever:
If a mosquito that is carrying the dengue fever bites an individual the symptoms are usually a temperature as high as 106 degrees Fahrenheit, the individual may develop headaches, pain in their joints, muscles and bones and behind their eyes.
There is also the possibility of developing a rash, which can be spread over a major area of the body, they may feel nausea or vomit, and their gums or nose may bleed.
Generally, it only takes a week or a little more than a week for the majority of people to recover. However, if the symptoms get worse they may become life threatening. In worse cases, blood vessels will begin to leak because of the damage caused by the fever, and cells that form which cause blood to clot may decrease.
Other things that can happen in a severe case of this disease are that an individual may develop problems with their heart, lungs and liver, there may bleeding that looks like a bruise, abdominal pain may be severe. In addition, an individual my bleed from their mouth and nose and the person may constantly vomit.
Things can put an individual at a higher risk of being affected with Dengue fever are if the person has traveled or lives in areas where the fever carrying mosquitoes are found, such as in the Caribbean, Latin American countries or areas of Southeast Asia. If an individual has already had the infection once before, the chances of being infected a second time is very likely.
Tests and diagnosis:
Because Dengue fever can be confused with other fevers such as malaria, typhoid leptospirosis it is difficult for doctors to diagnosis. The doctor may ask an individual about their medical history and if the person has traveled to areas, where the fever is known to exist. They will want to know about any contact an individual has had with mosquitoes.
There are certain test that can be performed in a laboratory that will detect the dengue viruses, however, due to the length of time that is required to complete the test the result generally do not come back in time to be of much help for deciding what type of treatment should be used to help
Treatments and drugs:
Unfortunately, there is not any particular treatment for this type of fever. Doctors generally recommend that the infected individual drink many fluids to help prevent dehydration due to the amount of vomiting and high fever they will have. Over the counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen can help relieve the pain, however, caution should be used if aspirin, naproxen sodium, or ibuprofen are used.
Sometimes it may be necessary for an infected person to undergo intravenous and electrolyte replacement, their blood pressure will need to be monitored and it may be necessary for them have a transfusion because of the loss of blood.