Types and Treatments for Viral and Bacterial Diseases Caused by Tick Bites
I completed two articles about fleas and was asked to do an article on ticks. Ticks are also nasty little creatures that transmit many diseases and viruses. Apparently how they transmit the diseases is still in the research stage and just what transpires is yet to be determined
One theory is that before the tick prepares for its meal it emits a saliva substance that is filled with enzymes in order to break down the skin and aid in digestion just before a blood meal. The saliva is what harbors the viruses.
I can't stress enough that protecting yourself before an outbreaks occurs is the best medicine. Tick bites from dogs, cats, rabbits, deer and other creatures are known to transmit various viral and bacterial diseases from very mild to so severe that they will lead to death if left untreated.
Animals can transmit the disease from one host to another, such as a deer to a dog or cat to a human and so forth. When you are out in woody or mountain terrain with your pets watch them carefully for tick infestations and treat them when necessary. It is always wise to use tick replants and wear light colored clothing. You will be able to see the ticks but they will not be able to penetrate through your clothing.
How to remove a tick
There are a few known ways to remove ticks.
You can use over the counter tick shampoos. However you need to check if there are any parts of the tick remaining in the bite, so you might have to get a magnifying glass to check carefully.
If parts of the tick are still in your skin you will have to use tweezers and grab the tick, however do not squeeze it. You must be careful when trying to remove a tick; catch is as closely to the skin as possible and slowly but lightly pull it out.
You can remove ticks by placing scotch or duct tape over the tick then peel it off.
You will want to disinfect the tick bite by washing around it with soap and water. If you notice any flu like symptoms after tick removal contact your doctor without fail.
However, if the tick's head is still in the bite, do not try to take it out yourself, go seek medical care immediately.
Many people in USA fall victim to these tick diseases.
We have all heard that deer transmit Lyme Disease. It is in fact the ticks on their body that bite humans and expose them to the disease. Lyme Disease must be determined by a qualified physician however there are several signs to watch out for.
Lyme Disease shows up as a body rash and goes through three separate stages. Treatment is available but the length of treatment will be longer if the disease has lingered longer in the human body. The treatment will be shorter if you catch the disease early on.
There are two medications; amoxicillin is used with children under nine years of age, while doxycycline is the treatment of choice for older children and adults.
Ehrlichiosis is another disease transmitted through tick bites. Again a rash may appear this time over the trunk of the body. However a rash may not always appear. The more common symptoms are chills and shaking, fever and headaches.
The three medications used to combat Ehrlichiosis are doxycycline, chloramphenicol and rifampin.
Rocky Mountain Spotted fever, is a bacteria that is transmitted by the Rocky Mountain wood and American Dog tick bites and is more commonly found in youngsters and seniors.
The infected individual will become feverish and come down with a spotted rash.
The tick season is from April to September. Again suffers are treated with doxycycline for a period of seven to ten days. Do not leave this disease untreated as it can kill you.
Tularemia also known as Rabbit Disease is another viral disease associated with either tick bites or handling sick rabbits. Tularemia is classified as Type A, or Type B.
Type A affects humans and animals in North America, whereas Type B is associated with Europe and Asia.
Affected individuals will experience fever, headaches, chills and muscle pain. The tick bites will eventually form ulcers and lymph nodes will also enlarge. Again treatment is mandatory as tularemia can be fatal.
Determining this disease is more complicated than the other diseases presented here. It requires various testing; such as antibody test. The drugs of choice in treatment are streptomycine, or doxycycline. Research is underway in the USA to create a vaccine.
Colorado Tick Fever though not fatal will produce flu-like symptoms; eye and muscle pain, chills, headaches, fever, vomiting and nausea lasting from three to five days. The treatment for this disease is to relieve the flu symptoms.
Relapsing Fever is a confusing disease, producing fever and flu-like symptoms such as sweating, chills, vomiting and headaches that last about three days and then go away. Just when you think you are well it starts all over again. If the victim does not seek treatment the symptoms become severe and causes seizures, pneumonia hepatitis, coma and eventual death.
Like the other tick treatments, doxycyline is the treatment of choice.
If a tick bites you and part of the tick is left in your skin chances are you may contract Tick Paralysis. Affected victims who do not go for treatment can develop severe lung problems. What you need to do is carefully remove the tick from the skin and the problem will go away, no drugs are necessary.
Caution, always go to the doctor or health care professional in your area if you suspect you have a tick bite, just to avoid any complications and keep yourself free of disease.